All submissions to the Journal should be written in American English. The Journal does not offer translation services. Manuscripts consisting many errors and/or badly edited are returned for correction and accepted for review only after the corrections are made.
Manuscript should be accompanied by an Abstract (both in English and in Polish). Abstract of original papers should contain up to 400 words (in English) and up to 300 words (in Polish). Abstract should consist of five (5) separate parts introduced by separate subheadings in the following order: Background, Objectives, Material and Methods, Results, Conclusions.
Review articles should include a 150–250-word unstructured Abstract. All abbreviations used in the Abstract should be explained in the article.
Case reports should include a 150–250-word unstructured Abstract. All abbreviations used in the Abstract should be explained in the article.
Abstract should be followed by 3–5 key words written in the language of the manuscript, and recommended by the “Index Medicus Subject Headings”: MeSH (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html).
Manuscripts should be submitted in the following formats: doc, docx, rtf. The total number of words in review and casuistic papers should not exceed 6,000 words, and in original papers 5,000 words. Original paper should consist of five (5) parts: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Discussion, Results, Conclusions. References to literature, Figures and Tables should be placed in the order of their citation in the text. The Author(s) should not use italics as well as bold or underlined words in the texts. Please use only generic names of drugs. Laboratory values should be expressed using the International System of Units (SI). The Author(s) should provide short title that does not exceed 45 characters and spaces. The Author(s) should disclose all financial and material support.
It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure the accuracy of all references according to AMA citation style. References should be limited only to the most recent positions and directly connected to the presented topic. References should be identified by Arabic numerals in superscript and numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the manuscript, Tables and Figures. The references should include: surnames and initials of authors, cited work title, year of publication, volume number and pages where the cited part of the text is located. Abbreviations for journal names should be cited according to Index Medicus. If a journal is not listed in Index Medicus, its full name should be given. If the cited work is available online, the DOI numer should be given, and in the case of lack thereof - URL with access date.
The total number of references:
- original paper – 30;
- review paper – 40;
- other type – 40.
Acknowledgements should be a separate section between the main text and references and should take a form of a list. They may include thanks to persons who have considerably contributed to the paper preparation (f.e. by providing scientific data, correcting or copy-editing the manuscript), but whose contribution was not sufficient enough to rank them as authors. Acknowledgements should be brief, and should not include thanks to anonymous referees and editors, inessential words, or effusive comments.
Tables should be placed in separate files. References to Tables should be placed according to the sequence of citing them in the manuscript. Allowed formats: xls, xlsx, doc, docx.
Figures should be placed in separate files. References to Figures should be placed according to the sequence of citing them in the manuscript. Editable files (f.e. xls, xlsx) are preferred. Other allowed formats: tiff, jpg, png (300 dpi or higher), cdr, eps.
Descriptions of Figures should be written both in English and in Polish, and placed in the main text.
If Author(s) used in the Work any figures, photographs, charts, tables, etc. which are not his work, and are protected by the copyright law, he/she shall be obliged to provide the Publisher with a written authorization to use such materials issued by the Author’s economic rights holders. Author(s) are required to confirm the source of all figures, photographs, charts, etc.
Original papers should have no more than 12 Authors, reviews or casuistic papers – no more than 5 Authors.
The authorship should be based on the following criteria:
- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;
- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
- Final approval of the version to be published.
Authors should meet all three (3) above criteria. If a large, multi-center group conducted the research, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. The Author submitting a multi-author manuscript should establish the order of authorship, provide all individual Authors of the particular group, as well as provide the group's name. All those designated as Authors should meet all criteria for authorship, and all who meet the criteria should be identified as Authors. The contribution of each Author must be documented to the extent to take the public responsibility for appropriate portions, the content and the conflict of interests. Authors who do not meet all three criteria of authorship should be acknowledged (prior to their written consent).
All Authors who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors and their authorship should be disclosed in accordance with the following list: A – research concept and design; B – collection and/or assembly of data; C – data analysis and interpretation; D – writing the article; E – critical revision of the article; F – final approval of article.
Authors submitting their manuscripts to Wroclaw University Press journals are obliged to use a unique ORCID number (Open Researcher and Contributor ID). It is a popular digital tool allowing for the identification of the author and their research work in scientific communication. You can register for an ORCID number for free at: https://orcid.org/.
Conflict of interest
Authors are required to disclose information about the sources of funding of their manuscript as well as about the contribution of research institutions, associations and other entities (“financial disclosure”). All authors are required to provide a statement of conflicts of interest. At the end of the text, under a subheading “Conflict of interests”, all authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of financial conflicts include:
- stock ownership;
- paid expert testimony;
- patents or patent applications;
- travel grants.
If there are no conflicts of interest, Authors should state that none exist.